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Top 11 Future Technologies That Will Change the World - UniPrimeTech

Technology has made our lives a lot easier than it used to be 100 years ago. From the invention of Airplanes to the discovery of water on the surface of the moon, we have been able to do all this just because of Technology. 

The main aim of developing advanced technologies is to simplify our lives and make it more interesting. Here`s our list of 11 future technologies that will change the world.

future technologies that will change the world

Future technologies that will change the world

Before moving towards future technologies, have you ever thought about what does the word technology means?

It is a manner of accomplishing tasks especially using technical knowledge, processes or methods.

So let`s move towards our list.

1. Autonomous vehicles:

future technologies that will change the world

Autonomous vehicles, also known as robotic, self-driving or driverless vehicles are a kind of vehicle that is capable of sensing their surrounding environment and moving with little or no human intervention. 

Self-driving vehicles work with a combined system of sensors that enables them to detect any obstacle and drive safely. Currently, Self-driving cars are in the testing phase. Uber, Google, Apple, Waymo, and Tesla are still testing their autonomous cars. Governing bodies are deciding norms for self-driving vehicles to ensure that passengers inside the vehicle are fully safe.

It looks we need to wait for some more time to see fully automated vehicles running on our streets. These vehicles are loaded with some equipment like lane assistant, ultrasonic sensors, cameras, GPS, Sonar and Radar. These systems help the vehicle to drive safely and in an organized manner.

Uber`s self-driving car uses 64 laser beams along with sensors to develop an internal map of their surroundings. The main part of an autonomous vehicle is its computer which is equipped with artificial intelligence. The function of a computer is to receive input signals coming from sensors, process them and send driving instructions to the vehicle`s actuator (a device that converts electrical signals into mechanical work) which controls acceleration, steering, and braking action. All this is done in just a fraction of seconds. 

There are 6 autonomous driving levels (0-5) available which helps to classify vehicles acc. to their level of autonomy. These levels are set by SAE International (Society of Automotive Engineers).

Level 0: No assistance 

The driver has full control of a vehicle including all functions. Only lane assistance is provided and no other assistance is available, the driver needs to take care of everything on its own. 

Level 1: Driving Assistance

The onboard computer system helps in controlling the speed or direction, but not both at the same time. The driver needs to keep control of the other function or he/she can completely control the whole vehicle. A parking system also comes in level 1, as the driver has to keep control of speed.

Example: Cruise control, lane departure warning system, emergency automatic braking, and collision avoidance system.

Level 2: Partial Assistance

The onboard computer controls speed, direction, and braking. However, the driver must remain attentive in case the system fails and the driver needs to take full control of the vehicle. 

Tesla`s Autopilot and Nissan`s ProPilot comes in level 2. It automatically keeps you in the right lane and at a safe distance from another vehicle when you`re stuck in a traffic jam.

Level 3: Conditional Automation

Level 3 vehicles let the driver take off their eyes from the vehicle. Drivers can use their phone and watch movies but can't fall asleep because level 3 vehicles only work in pre-defined situations like on highways, and lines. The vehicle sends an alert way before when it is going to be off track.

Example: Highway pilot

Level 4: Mind-off vehicles

These vehicles are so capable that it can move on its own but only a pre-defined path like highways and parking plots. In level 4 vehicles, if the vehicle goes off the track but still manages to keep control.

Level 5: Fully automated

These vehicles are capable of driving in all situations. The onboard computer takes all control of the vehicle and components like steering wheel, and pedal can be removed. Robotic taxis fall in this category. It will take some more time to develop level 5 vehicles but Elon Musk claims that Tesla will be ready for level 5 cars in 2020. 

Fully automated vehicles can be connected to an internet connection. They will be able to inform you about the current weather condition, road traffic, and a lot more exciting stuff.

Autonomous vehicles with AI will disrupt the whole auto industry and change the sector. 

Read- How self-driving cars work?

2. 3-D Printed organs:

future technologies that will change the world

3-D printing is a technique of creating a 3-dimensional solid object from a digital file. The process involves laying down successive layers of material until the object is made.

3-D printing techniques are used to create complex shapes that would be difficult or impossible to make with the conventional ones. The best part of this technique is that it requires very less amount of material to make an object and wastage is near to negligible. With 3-D printing, you can make Food, create metal objects, clothes or you can build your entire 3-d printed house.

Nowadays this technique is being used in the medical sector to print organs. Research is currently conducted on artificial heart, kidney, liver as well on other major body organs. Some 3-d printed organs are successfully transplanted inside a living body. The 3-d Bioprinting gives the ability to print regenerative organs using the living cells of the particular patient.

This technology can help in solving problems like organ shortages, high transplantation cost and can also end the black market of organ donation. In a couple of years, we will be able to see  3-d organ printers in hospitals.

3. Artificial Intelligence:

Artificial Intelligence is a sector of computer science that emphasizes the creation of intelligent computers that react and work like humans. AI involves 'Deep Learning', which allows computers to process inputs and perform complex functions, including voice or face recognition.  

In the past 60 years, AI has progressed a lot. The first computer with AI capabilities was Deep Blue from IBM. The computers which are equipped with AI can do various tasks like Voice recognition, face recognition, learning, planning, and problem-solving. 

Nowadays, AI is used in self-driving vehicles to detect obstacles, in the medical sector to provide analytics of your health and even in the film industry to improve graphics. It can also help to save lives by doing tasks which would be dangerous for human. 

Smartwatches like Apple watch 3 has AI features that monitor your health, processes it, and alarms you before any health-related incident occurs. Many industries are adopting AI to do tasks quickly and accurately. It is one of the best future technologies that will change the world. 

Also, Read- How face recognition works?

4. Big Data:

future technologies that will change the world

Big data refers to a large set of data that is complex and cannot be processed by traditional data processing software app. We produce a lot of data every day, such as videos, articles, music files, social media posts, emails, pictures and many more. This large set of data is thus called Big data.

Big data is sometimes called as the ability to process a large volume of complex information with standard computing means. This large volume of data is used by sectors such as E-commerce, advertisement or other businesses. All the necessary information is extracted from this and then used by industries.

Examples of big data-

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) generates 1 terabyte of new trade data every day.

Characteristics of Big Data:

The data is characterized by 5V`s

# Volume

The name big data itself defines its enormous size. It is of huge volume, low density, and unstructured data. Volume is the amount of information generated per second. In the year 2000, 20% of the world's data was digital and the rest was in analog. In the year 2015, 98% of the world's data is now in digital form and only 2% is in analog.

This data is generated from social media, computers, smartphones, and other devices. For some industries, this may be in terabytes and for others, this may be in petabytes. It completely depends upon the volume of the data, whether it will be considered as big data or not. Volume is the main aspect that needs to be considered while dealing with Big Data.

According to research, 

  • 30 billion messages
  • 20 million emails
  • 216000 images on Instagram
  • 270000 tweets

This amount of data is produced every minute. Companies collect this data and monetize it by showing relevant advertisements to you.

# Velocity 

Velocity refers to the speed of generation and processing of new data. The amount of data is massive and it is flowing continuously.


Variety refers to the different types of data that are available both structured and unstructured. In Early days, Spreadsheets and databases were the only data types but nowadays most of the data is in the form of pictures, videos, audios, emails, text, and pdf. 

Majority (80%) of the data is unstructured and rest (20%) is structured.

# Veracity

It represents the reliability of the collected data.

# Value

Value refers to the amount of profit that can be derived by using Big Data. 

Big data lets businesses get accurate information and enhances customer service. 

Read- What is Big Data?

5. 5G Connectivity:

5G is the fifth generation wireless mobile communication technology of mobile network, which is designed to deliver 10x more speed than its predecessor. At CES 2019, Qualcomm showcased their 5g chipset "Snapdragon 855" which is capable to provide download speeds of up to 1-5Gbps as well as offer reduced latency of 1milisecond.

In a 4G network, we used the frequency spectrum ranging from 3KHz- 6GHz with a latency of 30 ms.

The 5G network uses millimeter waves which work in frequency spectrum ranging from 30GHz - 300GHz with a latency of just 1 millisecond.

Vodafone, Verizon, and AT&T are some mobile network operators which have started their 5G services but are limited to some area. It will take some more time to launch full-fledged 5G services.

Read our complete article on- How does 5G work?

6. Space Vehicles:

future technologies that will change the world

Until now, we`ve heard that sky is the only limit but now we have broken it and we are charging towards space exploration. Space is vast and it expands every second. We`ve been able to discover only a tiny portion of it. 

Many space agencies are building their space vehicles for space exploration. These vehicles will be able to carry both humans as well as satellites to outer space. 

NASA has invited designers to develop a space drone that can easily work inside the ISS ( International Space Station). The competition witnessed some drones that can maneuver on their own using a set of cameras and sensors. 

Current technology is not that much advanced and cannot take humans to other planets but space vehicles have got that ability. 

It seems that a race in the space industry has begun. Private tech giants such as Amazon, SpaceX, and Virgin have taken space exploration on a serious note. SpaceX Falcon 9 is a Reusable launch vehicle, which is able to launch satellites in space and land back to earth. 

Elon Musk`s idea is to build a colony on Mars and take humans from our planet to Mars.  

7. Smart Voice Assistants:

Voice assistants are making things easier for us. There are many voice assistants available in the market like Amazon`s Echo, Apple`s Siri, Google Assistant, and Microsoft's Cortona. Everyone`s potential to perform given tasks is different. My personal favorite is google assistant because it performs tasks easily and quickly than others.

These days nearly every device comes with a voice assistant and amazing part they are able to communicate in every language which is available on google. According to reports from Tractica, voice assistant users will increase from 155 million in 2015 to 1.8 billion in 2021.

Google recently launched Duplex, a voice assistant who can perform some amazing tasks like reserving a table in a restaurant or making an appointment in a hair salon.

Google demonstrated a live example in a conference at google io which left everyone shocked. Smart assistants are going to revolutionize our future and that`s why these are in our list of top 11 future technologies that will change the world.

8. Advanced Prosthetic Limbs:

Early years, people who had lost limbs were using prosthetic limbs that could not do many tasks, but as the technology has advanced so have prosthetics. 

Nowadays prosthetic limbs can do a variety of tasks like opening a bottle, climbing on rocks or making a tattoo. Today`s prosthetics limbs are fitted with motors that let you do tasks easily. 

Engineers and scientists are working together to develop an advanced prosthetic limb which can function like a natural body part. Sensors are put inside these to control their motion. 

There are various types of prosthetic limbs available in the market and these can also be modified according to customers' requirements. 

Third thumb, Limbitles, Bionic prosthetics, Konami`s drone equipped with prosthetic arms, superhero arm for children, and DARPA`S prosthetic hand are some types of advanced prosthetic limbs.  

These advanced prosthetic limbs can help amputees live a normal and healthy life.

9. Augmented Reality:

future technologies that will change the world

Augmented Reality (AR) uses the real-world environment to display 3D information such as texts, images, and numbers with which the user can interact. AR became more popular when Niantic launched Pokemon GO (an AR game). With the immense popularity of the game, the game made over $1.8 billion in just 2 years of its launch. 

AR is a technology that expands our physical world by adding layers of digital information to it. Unlike virtual reality - Virtual Reality (VR), AR does not create whole artificial environments to replace the real world with a virtual one, but manifests itself in a direct view of the existing environment, adding sounds, video, graphics to it.

Representation of the physical environment of the real world with superimposed computer images in such a way that there is a change in the perception of reality is AR (Augmented Reality).

The term itself was coined in 1990, and one of its first commercial uses was made on television and in the army. With the development of the Internet and smartphones, AR has rolled out a second wave of its presence in the modern world and is currently associated mainly with an interactive concept. 3D models are directly projected onto physical space and objects, merging together in real-time.

AR applications typically connect digital animation with a special “marker” or using GPS in phones to determine location. Augmentation takes place in real-time and in the context of the physical environment, for example, overlaying points in sports competitions on the air.

Types of AR-

  • Without marker AR
  • Marker AR
  • Projection AR
  • Overlay-based AR

There is another term called Mixed Reality which actually is a mixture of both Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR). Tech Companies like Google, Microsoft, and Facebook are investing a huge amount of money in AR. This is one of the future technologies that will change the world. 

AR is used in healthcare to increase patient experience and making them less uncomfortable. As you know, chronic patients are partially left with their own devices during the therapy process.

VR/AR is used for maintaining better communication with their relatives. It is also used to create an artificial environment during therapy to reduce pain.

Some Amazing Facts about AR-

1. According to market experts, the market of AR is expected to reach up to a whopping $90 million by the year 2020.

2. The first head-mounted display system was created way back in 1968 by an American computer scientist namely Mr. Ivan Sutherland at Harward University.

3. Magic Leap is considered as the leader when it comes to AR. It`s a startup with a whopping net worth of $4.5 billion.

10. Future materials:

Technology is continuously updating every day and it has transformed the construction industry. We have developed new building materials that are sustainable, economical, stronger and can last longer than the normal ones. There are various types of modern building materials available.

# Self-healing concrete-

Every year millions of dollars are spent in the maintenance of roads, buildings, tunnels, and many more structures. It takes a lot of time and effort in maintaining and repairing these structures so scientists came up with an idea of self-healing concrete. 

The idea behind this concrete is that when water comes in contact with the crack, it activates the bacteria which was mixed with this concrete. After bacteria is activated, it releases calcite which then heals the cracks.

# Aerogel-

Aerogel is also referred to as frozen smoke produced by removing liquid from the gel and thus leaving behind silica structure which is nearly 90% air. Aerogel is semi-transparent and it is an excellent insulator. Construction industries have started using aerogel because of its insulation properties. 

If you have a slab of aerogel, it can protect you from a flamethrower. Because of its amazing properties, it can be used in future military armors or in firefighting suits. 

# Transparent Aluminium-

Doesn`t this sound weird, you might be thinking about how can metal be transparent. Engineers have developed a new metal " Transparent Aluminium" which is as strong as steel and can be used to stop bullets.

These were some types of futuristic materials that are revolutionizing the construction industry.

11. Cloud Gaming: 

Cloud gaming also called gaming on demand is a method of playing video games online using the power of servers owned by a different company. Just like you stream your videos on YouTube or Netflix or Amazon Prime similarly your video games are directly streaming from the datacenters of a company located elsewhere. You don`t need to own any specialized hardware for playing games, just tap the play icon and you`re ready to play. You don`t need to hustle for downloading, installing, buying a gaming console kit.

In short, it is as simple as searching cloud games on Google, opening a webpage and tap any game icon you`d like to play, that`s it.

You can use Cloud Gaming service on any device whether it is your normal TV set, a tablet, PC or a regular smartphone. As we know Streaming videos on YouTube require an internet connection similarly playing cloud games also requires a steady internet connection.

 With Cloud Gaming, you can experience up to 4K games running at 30 - 60 frames per second (FPS). Isn`t it mind-boggling? 

We have seen launches of several cloud gaming services from some tech giants like Google, Microsoft, Nvidia, and Parsec. Nearly every giant in the gaming industry is working on the Cloud Gaming Platform (CGP) and it looks like it is going to be the Future of Gaming industry.

Also, Read- What is Cloud Gaming?  


These technologies are guiding us towards the future. The main aim of developing advanced technologies is to simplify our lives and make it more interesting. 

This was our complete list of 11 future technologies that will change the world. Which one was your favorite and let us know if we missed something.

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